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title: 博客创建记录
date: 2020/09/03 22:00:00
updated: 2020/09/05 01:23:00
permalink: record-of-blog-setup/

toc: true


环境

远程:hexo + nginx
本地:vscode + sftp

过程

sshd修改

修改22端口并使用key访问

首先生成私钥,注意提前创建/path/to/save/.ssh这个目录,当然也可以默认路径,另外输入密码时不会有任何显示。

ssh-keygen -t rsa

{% codeblock 生成私钥 lang:sh %}
Generating public/private rsa key pair.
Enter file in which to save the key (/root/.ssh/id_rsa): /path/to/save/.ssh/id_rsa
Enter passphrase (empty for no passphrase):
Enter same passphrase again:
Your identification has been saved in /path/to/save/.ssh/id_rsa.
Your public key has been saved in /path/to/save/.ssh/id_rsa.pub.
The key fingerprint is:
SHA256:QZ97tnQYLIw+w4KQNS+pRe8X4sCmDbyBJpJYWd6B0bM r[email protected]
The key's randomart image is:
+---[RSA 2048]----+
| o. o+o. . |
| o + .oo.o |
|.= = =. o= o |
|. B + E.+ o |
|+ @ * +S. o o |
| + oo * = . |
| o o o o |
| . |
| |
+----[SHA256]-----+
{% endcodeblock %}

进入私钥和公钥的目录,并添加到authorized_keys

cd /path/to/save/.ssh
cat id_rsa.pub >> authorized_keys

设置权限

chmod 600 authorized_keys
chmod 700 /path/to/save/.ssh

修改/etc/ssh/sshd_config

nano /etc/ssh/sshd_config

主要修改部分,PubkeyAuthentication默认是yes就不用管了

Port 6666
AuthorizedKeysFile    /path/to/save/authorized_keys

将/path/to/save/.ssh/id_rsa.pub保存到本地,然后导入使用,会提示输入密码,这个密码就是生成时输入的密码。
记得也修改端口,链接确认无误后将sshd_config的PasswordAuthentication改为no就可以禁止密码登录了。

安装curl、git、nginx、nodejs、npm

{% codeblock 安装命令 lang:bash %}
apt-get update
apt-get install curl
apt-get install git
apt-get install nginx
curl -sL https://deb.nodesource.com/setup_14.x | bash -
apt-get install -y nodejs
{% endcodeblock %}

[email protected]:~# curl -V
curl 7.52.1 (x86_64-pc-linux-gnu) libcurl/7.52.1 OpenSSL/1.0.2l zlib/1.2.8 libidn2/0.16 libpsl/0.17.0 (+libidn2/0.16) libssh2/1.7.0 nghttp2/1.18.1 librtmp/2.3
Protocols: dict file ftp ftps gopher http https imap imaps ldap ldaps pop3 pop3s rtmp rtsp scp sftp smb smbs smtp smtps telnet tftp 
Features: AsynchDNS IDN IPv6 Largefile GSS-API Kerberos SPNEGO NTLM NTLM_WB SSL libz TLS-SRP HTTP2 UnixSockets HTTPS-proxy PSL 
[email protected]:~# node -v
v14.9.0
[email protected]:~# npm -v
6.14.8
[email protected]:~# git --version
git version 2.11.0

安装hexo

如果没有预先建立博客目录,那就在init后面指定

cd /home/blog
npm install hexo-cli -g
/usr/bin/hexo -> /usr/lib/node_modules/hexo-cli/bin/hexo
npm WARN optional SKIPPING OPTIONAL DEPENDENCY: [email protected]~2.1.2 (node_modules/hexo-cli/node_modules/chokidar/node_modules/fsevents):
npm WARN notsup SKIPPING OPTIONAL DEPENDENCY: Unsupported platform for [email protected]: wanted {"os":"darwin","arch":"any"} (current: {"os":"linux","arch":"x64"})

+ [email protected]
added 61 packages from 315 contributors in 8.953s
hexo init
INFO  Cloning hexo-starter https://github.com/hexojs/hexo-starter.git
Submodule 'themes/landscape' (https://github.com/hexojs/hexo-theme-landscape.git) registered for path 'themes/landscape'
Cloning into '/home/blog/themes/landscape'...
Submodule path 'themes/landscape': checked out '73a23c51f8487cfcd7c6deec96ccc7543960d350'
INFO  Install dependencies
added 183 packages from 420 contributors and audited 189 packages in 18.908s

8 packages are looking for funding
  run `npm fund` for details

found 0 vulnerabilities

INFO  Start blogging with Hexo!
npm install
npm WARN optional SKIPPING OPTIONAL DEPENDENCY: [email protected] (node_modules/fsevents):
npm WARN notsup SKIPPING OPTIONAL DEPENDENCY: Unsupported platform for [email protected]: wanted {"os":"darwin","arch":"any"} (current: {"os":"linux","arch":"x64"})

added 5 packages from 1 contributor and audited 189 packages in 3.766s

8 packages are looking for funding
  run `npm fund` for details

found 0 vulnerabilities
hexo server
INFO  Validating config
INFO  Start processing
INFO  Hexo is running at http://localhost:4000 . Press Ctrl+C to stop.
(node:5152) Warning: Accessing non-existent property 'lineno' of module exports inside circular dependency
(Use `node --trace-warnings ...` to show where the warning was created)
(node:5152) Warning: Accessing non-existent property 'column' of module exports inside circular dependency
(node:5152) Warning: Accessing non-existent property 'filename' of module exports inside circular dependency
(node:5152) Warning: Accessing non-existent property 'lineno' of module exports inside circular dependency
(node:5152) Warning: Accessing non-existent property 'column' of module exports inside circular dependency
(node:5152) Warning: Accessing non-existent property 'filename' of module exports inside circular dependency

初始化完成访问,效果如下:
hexo初始化部署效果

设置主题

建议先进入博客目录,然后再执行命令

npm install hexo-theme-icarus
npm WARN [email protected] requires a peer of [email protected] but none is installed. You must install peer dependencies yourself.
npm WARN [email protected] requires a peer of [email protected]^0.8.2 but none is installed. You must install peer dependencies yourself.
npm WARN [email protected] requires a peer of [email protected]^0.1.3 but none is installed. You must install peer dependencies yourself.
npm WARN [email protected] requires a peer of [email protected]^1.1.0 but none is installed. You must install peer dependencies yourself.
npm WARN [email protected] requires a peer of [email protected]^7.3.3 but none is installed. You must install peer dependencies yourself.
npm WARN [email protected] requires a peer of [email protected]^7.3.3 but none is installed. You must install peer dependencies yourself.
npm WARN optional SKIPPING OPTIONAL DEPENDENCY: [email protected] (node_modules/fsevents):
npm WARN notsup SKIPPING OPTIONAL DEPENDENCY: Unsupported platform for [email protected]: wanted {"os":"darwin","arch":"any"} (current: {"os":"linux","arch":"x64"})

+ [email protected]
added 1 package from 1 contributor and audited 190 packages in 5.181s

8 packages are looking for funding
  run `npm fund` for details

found 0 vulnerabilities
hexo config theme icarus
INFO  Validating config
INFO  =======================================
 ██╗ ██████╗ █████╗ ██████╗ ██╗   ██╗███████╗
 ██║██╔════╝██╔══██╗██╔══██╗██║   ██║██╔════╝
 ██║██║     ███████║██████╔╝██║   ██║███████╗
 ██║██║     ██╔══██║██╔══██╗██║   ██║╚════██║
 ██║╚██████╗██║  ██║██║  ██║╚██████╔╝███████║
 ╚═╝ ╚═════╝╚═╝  ╚═╝╚═╝  ╚═╝ ╚═════╝ ╚══════╝
=============================================
INFO  === Checking package dependencies ===
ERROR Package bulma-stylus is not installed.
ERROR Package hexo-component-inferno is not installed.
ERROR Package hexo-renderer-inferno is not installed.
ERROR Package hexo-renderer-stylus's version (2.0.0) does not satisfy the required version (^1.1.0).
ERROR Package inferno is not installed.
ERROR Package inferno-create-element is not installed.
ERROR Please install the missing dependencies your Hexo site root directory:
ERROR npm install --save [email protected] [email protected]^0.8.2 [email protected]^0.1.3 [email protected]^1.1.0 [email protected]^7.3.3 inferno-create-element@^7.3.3
ERROR or:
ERROR yarn add [email protected] [email protected]^0.8.2 [email protected]^0.1.3 [email protected]^1.1.0 [email protected]^7.3.3 [email protected]^7.3.3

可能会有错误,按提示安装上

npm install --save [email protected] [email protected]^0.8.2 [email protected]^0.1.3 [email protected]^1.1.0 [email protected]^7.3.3 [email protected]^7.3.3

然后再执行配置

hexo config theme icarus
INFO  Validating config
Inferno is in development mode.
INFO  =======================================
 ██╗ ██████╗ █████╗ ██████╗ ██╗   ██╗███████╗
 ██║██╔════╝██╔══██╗██╔══██╗██║   ██║██╔════╝
 ██║██║     ███████║██████╔╝██║   ██║███████╗
 ██║██║     ██╔══██║██╔══██╗██║   ██║╚════██║
 ██║╚██████╗██║  ██║██║  ██║╚██████╔╝███████║
 ╚═╝ ╚═════╝╚═╝  ╚═╝╚═╝  ╚═╝ ╚═════╝ ╚══════╝
=============================================
INFO  === Checking package dependencies ===
INFO  === Checking theme configurations ===
WARN  None of the following configuration files is found:
WARN  - /home/blog/_config.icarus.yml
WARN  - /home/blog/node_modules/hexo-theme-icarus/_config.yml
INFO  Generating theme configuration file...
INFO  /home/blog/_config.icarus.yml created successfully.
INFO  To skip configuration generation, use "--icarus-dont-generate-config".
INFO  === Registering Hexo extensions ===

现在再刷新页面就可以看到新的主题了,如图:
hexo-theme-icarus主题

图中可以看到一些错误,因为这个时候配置还没有完成。

hexo正式部署

由于计划使用是通过ftp,所以要安装hexo-deployer-sftp

npm install hexo-deployer-sftp --save

修改_config.yml的deploy配置
反正是直接生成到public文件夹,就不配置deploy了,反正是正常生成的...

生成文章(由于计划是用nginx,所以只需要generate就行,不用deploy)

hexo g

配置证书
不建议使用apt-get这种方式

apt-get install certbot

因为在我的服务器上遇到有python3.5然后不知道乱安装了一堆python的包,最后搞得很乱。
然后经过一下午的折腾,建议通过pip安装
如果没有pip,先把pip装上

curl https://bootstrap.pypa.io/get-pip.py -o get-pip.py

注意使用的python版本,如果有py2,那么也会安装pip,后执行的会覆盖前面的

python get-pip.py
python3 get-pip.py

也就是说/usr/local/bin下有pip、pip2、pip3,后执行get-pip的,pip就是那个python版本的pip,pip2和pip3互不影响
这里用python3,现在安装certbot

pip3 install certbot

然后你会发现有个/usr/local/bin/certbot

/usr/local/bin/certbot certonly -d yourdomain.com -d *.yourdomain.com --manual --preferred-challenges dns-01 --server https://acme-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/directory

按提示选择你的软件,比如nginx
然后有个ip什么的必须要同意,接着还有个同意的输入A
就会显示一段字符,然后去域名服务商那里添加一个TXT记录,添加完等一会儿,然后回车确定
最后会提示Congratulations!字样就OK了

然后将nginx配置更改如下

server {
    listen 80;
    listen [::]:80;
    listen 443 ssl;
    listen [::]:443 ssl;
    ssl on;                                                         
    ssl_certificate       /etc/letsencrypt/live/yourdomain/fullchain.pem;  
    ssl_certificate_key   /etc/letsencrypt/live/yourdomain/privkey.pem;
    ssl_protocols         TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2;                    
    ssl_ciphers           HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
    root /path/to/blog;
    index index.html index.htm index.nginx-debian.html;
    server_name blog.yourdomain.com;
    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
    }
}

参考文章